Walter Bruyère-Ostells, Stephen Rookes – « Mercenaries in the Congo and Biafra 1960-1970 : Africa’s weapon of choice ? »


revue Small Wars and Insurgencies, août 2021.

« Often maligned by academics and international organisations alike, mercenaries are perceived as being a contributory factor to the worsening of conflict and as a threat to democracy. This chapter demonstrates that this reputation is not wholly deserved, and that in certain cases mercenaries have made a valuable contribution to creating stability in highly unstable contexts. Also, this chapter questions certain interpretations relating to the role and identity of mercenaries. Far from being cold-blooded avaricious killers, we show that there is a range of different reasons why someone becomes a mercenary and argue that the aforementioned categorisation has been used as a political tool. »

Lire aussi


« Population Dynamics in the Mediterranean. A Demographic Convergence? », Yoann Doignon , Isabelle Blöss-Widmer , Elena Ambrosetti , Sébastien Oliveau, 2023.

Capture d’écran 2023-07-20 à 09.33.50

Ariane Richard-Bossez, « L’entrée dans les apprentissages scolaires et ses inégalités, Lecture sociologique de la construction des savoirs à l’école maternelle », Ed. PUR, 2023

Capture d’écran 2023-07-03 à 09.42.13

Constance De GOURCY, « Nationalités multiples : la mobilité en héritage et comme horizon », Revue Européenne des Relations Internationales